Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality: Gay People in Westen Europe from the Beginning of the Christian Era to the 14th Century

J. Boswell
University of Chicago Press. 1981.

John Boswell's National Book Award-winning study of the history of attitudes toward homosexuality in the early Christian West was a groundbreaking work that challenged preconceptions about the Church's past relationship to its gay members - among them priests, bishops, and even saints - when it was first published twenty-five years ago. The historical breadth of Boswell's research (from the Greeks to Aquinas) and the variety of sources consulted make this one of the most extensive treatments of any single aspect of Western social history. "Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality", still fiercely relevant today, helped form the disciplines of gay and gender studies, and it continues to illuminate the origins and operations of intolerance as a social force.

Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Relation to Science, Religion, Politics and Culture

Jack Drescher, MD and Kenneth Zucker, PhD
Routledge. 2006.

Defenders and critics of the controversial Spitzer study analyze its methodologies and findings

In 2001, Robert L. Spitzer, MD, presented his study on sexual conversion therapy with its controversial findings that some homosexuals can change their sexual orientation. The resulting media sensation and political firestorm enraged the study’s critics and emboldened its supporters. Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture presents leading experts examining Spitzer’s research methodology and findings to discern whether the study itself deserves deeper consideration or outright dismissal. Every facet of the study is reviewed to discuss the positive or negative aspects of the results, its significance in political and social terms, and the implications for the future.

Dr. Spitzer himself was an instrumental figure in the American Psychiatric Association's decision in 1973 to remove homosexuality as a mental illness listing from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-III. His later study that states that in some individuals, homosexuality may be more fluid than previously thought stirred controversy in the psychiatric community and society at large. His study is presented here to allow the reader to evaluate and consider it for themselves. Leading experts then voice their own pro or con views on the methodology and findings. Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture fearlessly illustrates the sometimes fuzzy boundary between science and politics, courageously spotlighting the culture wars now dividing our society.

Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture discusses:

  • the ex-gay movement
  • the nature of scientific inquiry
  • the relationship between science and politics
  • the results of sexual conversion therapies
  • gay and lesbian rights

Ex-Gay Research: Analyzing the Spitzer Study and Its Relation to Science, Religion, Politics, and Culture is essential reading for sex researchers, mental health professionals, pastoral counselors, political activists, and any person asking if one can truly “change” his or her homosexuality.


(Download PDF)

How to manage relations in the workplace

(Download PDF)

Two Spirited People of 1st Nations (May or may not include intersex individuals)

Another userfriendly website. It contains a multiperspective ethos and is well presented in terms of argouments and issues

Web Resources

The following is a list of organisations we've found that are gender and sexual diversity positive. If you have any links to add, please email


Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement

The 3rd Fellowship


Courage Scotland

Evangelicals Concerned (US)

Evangelical Fellowship for Lesbian and Gay Christians

The Gay Christian Network

Metropolitan Community Churches

African Gay Christians (Email)

Black and Lesbian Gay Christian Fellowship (Email)

Rainbow Movement

Accepting Evangelicals

Affirmation Scotland

Centre for the Study of Christianity and Sexuality

Christians for Equal Marriage

Anglican Communion


European Forum of LGBT Christian Groups

Lesbians Exploring Faith Together

Living it Out


Reluctant Journey

The Sibyls (Trans Christians)

Student Christian Movement

Two:23 Network

Young LGBT Christians

Our Sista Circle (Lesbians of Colour)

Jesus in Love

Gay Gospels


LGBT Anglican Coalition

Inclusive Church 

LGBTI Clergy Consultation 

Don't Throw Stones 

Changing Attitude 


Catholics for AIDS Prevention and Support (Email)

(HIV) Positive Catholics (Email)

The Ecumenical Catholic Church

Roman Catholic Caucus of LGCM (Email)


Quest Local Groups in the UK

Affirming Catholicism


Quaker Quest


Kensington Unitarians

New Unity



Safra Project

Gay and Lesbian Arabs

Bint el Nas (Queer Arab Women)

Queer Jihad

Queer Muslim Revolution

Queer Muslims (Angelfire)

Muslim Gay Men

Trans Muslims

Bi Muslims

Non-Muslim Partners of LGBT Muslims

LGBT Muslim Youth

Muslims for Progressive Values

Network of Progressive Muslims


British Pakistani Muslim and Gay


Jewish Gay and Lesbian Group


World Congress of LGBT Jews

Bisexual Gay and Lesbian Students (BaGeLs)

Beit Klal Yisrael

Jewish Contribution to an Inclusive Europe

Jewish LGBT Network (Tripod)

Gay and Lesbian Orthodox Network (Email)

Jewish Community Centre for London

West London Synagogue

Eschel Online

Hoshen (Israel)

International Association of Lesbian and Gay Children of Holocaust Survivors

Jewish Transitions (Trans Jews)



Nehirim (US)




Pagan Sexuality

Queer Pagans

Queer Pagan Camp

Queer Asatru (Tripod Website)

History of Radical Faeries


Sexuality and Paganism


CARA Life (For people with HIV)

Gay Sacred Space

Religious Tolerance

Galha (LGBT Humanists)

Sacred Sexuality - Rebecca Lowrie

Tantra 4 Gay Men

Urban Tantra

LGBT Religious Archives Network

Enfolding (Queer Tantra)

White Crane Journal (Gay Spirituality)

LGBT Groups in Other Religions

GLBTQ Encyclopedia Lesbian Life Spirituality

Stonewall - Working With Faith Communities

MyOutSpirit (Gay Spirituality)


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